New Orleans (pronounced /nuːˈɔliənz, nuːˈɔlənz/ locally and often pronounced /nuːɔrˈliːnz/ in most other US dialects French: La Nouvelle-Orléans is a major United States port city and the largest city in Louisiana. New Orleans is the center of the Greater New Orleans metropolitan area, the largest metro area in the state.
New Orleans is located in southeastern Louisiana, straddling the Mississippi River. It is coextensive with Orleans Parish, meaning that the boundaries of the city and the parish are the same. It is bounded by the parishes of St. Tammany (north), St. Bernard (east), Plaquemines (south), and Jefferson (south and west). Lake Pontchartrain, part of which is included in the city limits, lies to the north, and Lake Borgne lies to the east.
The city is named after Philippe II, Duc d’Orléans, Regent of France, and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. It is well known for its multicultural and multilingual heritage, cuisine, architecture, music (particularly as the birthplace of jazz), and its annual Mardi Gras and other celebrations and festivals. The city is often referred to as the “most unique” city in America
La Nouvelle-Orléans (New Orleans) was founded May 7, 1718, by the French Mississippi Company, under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville on land inhabited by the Chitimacha. It was named for Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, who was Regent of France at the time; his title came from the French city of Orléans. The French colony was ceded to the Spanish Empire in the Treaty of Paris (1763) and remained under Spanish control until 1801, when it reverted to French control. Most of the surviving architecture of the Vieux Carré (French Quarter) dates from this Spanish period. Napoleon sold the territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. The city grew rapidly with influxes of Americans, French, and Creole French. Major commodity crops of sugar and cotton were cultivated with slave labor on large plantations outside the city.
The Haitian Revolution of 1804 established the second republic in the Western Hemisphere and the first led by blacks. Haitian refugees both white and free people of color (affranchis) arrived in New Orleans, often bringing slaves with them. While Governor Claiborne and other officials wanted to keep out more free black men, French Creoles wanted to increase the French-speaking population. As more refugees were allowed in Louisiana, Haitian émigrés who had gone to Cuba also arrived. Nearly 90 percent of the new immigrants settled in New Orleans. The 1809 migration brought 2,731 whites; 3,102 free persons of African descent; and 3,226 enslaved refugees to the city, doubling its French-speaking population.
During the War of 1812, the British sent a force to conquer the city. The Americans decisively defeated the British troops, led by Sir Edward Pakenham, in the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815.
As a principal port, New Orleans had the major role of any city during the antebellum era in the slave trade. Its port handled huge quantities of goods for export from the interior and import from other countries to be traded up the Mississippi River. The river was filled with steamboats, flatboats, and sailing ships. At the same time, it had the most prosperous community of free persons of color in the South, who were often educated and middle-class property owners.
The population of the city doubled in the 1830s, and by 1840 New Orleans had become the wealthiest and third-most populous city in the nation. It had the largest slave market. Two-thirds of the more than one million slaves brought to the Deep South arrived via the forced migration of the internal slave trade. The money generated by sales of slaves in the Upper South has been estimated at fifteen percent of the value of the staple crop economy. The slaves represented half a billion dollars in property, and an ancillary economy grew up around the trade in slaves – for transportation, housing and clothing, fees, etc., estimated at 13.5 percent of the price per person. All this amounted to tens of billions of dollars during the antebellum period, with New Orleans as a prime beneficiary.
The Union captured New Orleans early in the American Civil War, sparing the city the destruction suffered by many other cities of the American South.
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Categories: Louisiana Music Tags: African, American, Americans, Armstrong, art, Black, Blue, Cajun, Celebration, creole, Fat, Festival, folk, French, Gras, Hurricane, Jazz, Joint, Juke, Katrina, Louie, Louisiana, Mardi, Mississippi, music, new, NOLA, of, orleans, Quarters, River, Saints, slave, Slaves, south, Southern, Trade, Tuesday, Zydeco
The Louisiana Creole Heritage Center in Natchitoches, Louisiana is asking for a small membership fee of 8 dollars a month to help them stay open. They are at high risk of closing due to budget cuts. Please spread the word!
Duration : 0:2:19
This is a Video essay on Creole People their past , present and their ancestral Heritage “Our People and Culture long called “the Forgotten People” painfully need the recognition we so deserve and this video wants to create a visiual History of Our Creole People and Their Culture and History..
Creoles come in all colors and We are not just Multi Racial but this video depicts many Mixed Creoles as We want to confirm Our Presence in the Creole Community
Duration : 0:7:41
Categories: Louisiana Culture Tags: Brazil, Cajun, Caribbean, creole, culture, Dominica, entertainment, Haiti, Histoy, Jazz, Louisiana, mixed, Mulatto, Multi, new, orleans, race., Racial, slideshow, travel
I think the best state for sports is Louisiana(LSU(07 BCS Champs). Saints(Went further then ever, NFC Championship, 2006) Hornets(playoffs, 2008)
Who says we’re all cajuns? Im not.
Cali is overrated lol
my home state of Michigan might fit both of those.
Best: Red Wings, Pistons, Spartans, Wolverines (Sometimes Tigers)
Worst: Lions, (sometimes Tigers)
Entire film is available on Amazon.com and Ebay. Documentary 1 hour long. Song, Pearl River People, by Charlie Blanchard. Down Of The Pearl River Bayou in Louisiana Honey Island Swamp, the River People serve up the good life. Whether it’s a houseboat reunion, an alligator rodeo, or the Annual Squirrel Hunt Festival, the fun centers around something good cooking under the cypress trees. These Swampers know how to have a good time and play a little homegrown music to get the fish frying and the party started. All they need is a boat to get there. The Entire Documentary Film is available online on Amazon.com and on Ebay. The film is 1 hour long on DVD.
Duration : 0:5:13
Categories: Louisiana Cooking Tags: Blanchard, by, Cajun, charlie, cooking, crawfish, creole, fishing, Gumbo, honey, hunting, island, Jambalaya, Louisiana, Mississippi, party, Pearl, People, pie, River, song, Southern, swamp
The culture of the Creole (native) in Louisiana emerged from the blending of:
a. Native American, French and Latino cultures
b. Native American, French and African American cultures
c. Latino, French and African American cultures
d. French, Portuguese and Native American cultures
E. None of the above… There is no evidence that Native Americans are in this mix.
Always a controversial and confusing term, the word Creole, to put it simply, means many things to many people. It derives from the Latin creare, meaning "to beget" or "create." After the New World’s discovery, Portuguese colonists used the word crioulo to denote a New World slave of African descent. Eventually, the word was applied to all New World colonists, regardless of ethnic origin, living along the Gulf Coast, especially in Louisiana. There the Spanish introduced the word as criollo, and during Louisiana’s colonial period (1699-1803) the evolving word Creole generally referred to persons of African or European heritage born in the New World. By the nineteenth century, black, white, and mixed-race Louisianians used the term to distinguish themselves from foreign-born and Anglo-American settlers. It was during that century that the mixed-race Creoles of Color (or gens de couleur libre, "free persons of color") came into their own as an ethnic group, enjoying many of the legal rights and privileges of whites. They occupied a middle ground between whites and enslaved blacks, and as such often possessed property and received formal educations. After the Civil War, most Creoles of Color lost their privileged status and joined the ranks of impoverished former black slaves. All the while, however, the word Creole persisted as a term also referring to white Louisianians, usually of upper-class, non-Cajun origin (although, confusingly, even Cajuns sometimes were called Creoles, primarily by outsiders unfamiliar with local ethnic labels). Like the Creoles of Color, these white Creoles (also called French Creoles) suffered socioeconomic decline after the Civil War. In Acadiana, newly impoverished white Creoles often intermarried with the predominantly lower-class Cajuns, and were largely assimilated into Cajun culture.
If you have a link and would like to share it will be listened to and appreciated.near New Orleans where I live we have great jazz, blues, and Cajun(I am French Cajun) ,and Louisiana French music.
I like grunge rock…
how can a person from baton rouge louisiana, amke it in the music industry if there not really no connections?
Get out there and market yourself..right not the SOUTH is hot..so you can use that as an advantage.
And ignore the other persons post:
It’s about time Baton Rouge rappers get out there with some common sense and business sense…Baton Rouge can’t play little brother to New Orleans forever..ex: who would have thought a rapper from mississippi would have blown up the way he did (DAVID BANNER)!
Good Luck to you!
The history of the Louisiana Frenchcreoles
Duration : 0:9:11